Xiaogang Agreement

by admin on October 17th, 2021

It was a long-standing dream of Xiaogang villagers to develop the industry and increase their income by starting a business. Yan Hongchang is one of the village officials who made farmers sign the 1978 agreement. His son Yan Yushan was one of the first youth groups to leave the village in 1992. He tried several times to start a business in the village. When Yan Jinchang put his fingerprint on a secret agreement for a piece of farmland 30 years ago to cultivate it himself, as he had sought, he did not expect him to rent the land one day. Yan Hongchang appreciates the seal with which he signed a secret agreement with his fellow farmers in Xiaogang Village in 1978 to divide their common farmland into family plots. [Photo: China Plus/Li Jin] In 1978, 18 farmers from Xiaogang Village in eastern Anhui Province signed a secret agreement to divide communal farmland into pieces called budget contracts, accidentally lighting the torch of China`s rural revolution. Today, they plan to reconnect their farmland to create an even more efficient economy. Yan Jinchang was one of the 18 peasants who signed the secret agreement in 1978.

He has already received a certificate of management rights for the family property of 2.3 hectares. One night in November 1978, 18 Xiaogang villagers, including Yan Jinchang, risked their lives to secretly sign an agreement that would divide the farmland of the People`s Commune into pieces that each family could cultivate. An archive photo shows signatures at the end of an agreement to implement the rural reform proposed by Yan Hongchang on November 24, 1978. With the kind permission of Yan Hongchang In December 1978, eighteen of the local farmers, led by Yen Jingchang,[5] gathered in the largest house in the village. They agreed to break the law at the time by signing a secret agreement to divide the land, a local popular commune, into family property. Each plot was to be managed by a single family that negotiated part of what it cultivated in government and collective, while agreeing that it could keep the surplus for itself. The villagers also agreed that if one of them was arrested and sentenced to death, the other villagers would raise their children until the age of eighteen. [5] [6] At that time, villagers feared that after a particularly poor harvest, another famine would hit the village and more people might starve to death.

[6] It is the cradle of China`s rural reforms. Xiaogang Village in Eastern Anhui Province is a well-known name in the country. As early as November 1978, 18 farmers in the village signed a secret agreement to divide their common farmland into family plots. This was the beginning of the accountability system for the budget contract. Since then, Xiaogang has been known as a symbol of China`s rural reforms. So, more than forty years later, what is life like for farmers there today? And what changes have taken place in the land tenure system and in the village`s traditional agriculture? The Great Leap Forward was a big step backwards – farmland was less productive in 1978 than it was in 1949, when the Communists took power. However, in 1978, peasants in Xiaogang Village held a secret meeting. The peasants agreed to divide the communal land and allocate it to individuals – each farmer had to produce a quota for the government, but whatever he or she produced beyond the quota they kept.


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