The Beijing Pollution Reduction Agreement

by admin on December 18th, 2020

Senior U.S. government officials said commitments stemming from a months-long dialogue between the world`s two largest carbon emitters would encourage other nations to make commitments and “give a boost” to negotiations on a new global agreement that is expected to enter into force in 2020. Reducing soot (soot) emissions is essential to climate, air quality and human health. Black carbon is the second most important climate protection agent after carbon dioxide (CO2) and also contributes to air pollution as a component of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Studies indicate that soot has played an important role in recent Arctic warming, including emissions from countries outside the region, particularly in Asia. On November 4, the day after the 2020 election, the United States will formally withdraw from the Paris climate accord, fulfilling President Trump`s 2017 vows that were concluded last year. If a new president were to take over from Trump in January, supporters of the Paris agreement would insist that the country join it immediately. According to its proponents, the international agreement gives humanity the best chance of limiting the increase in global temperature to a manageable level. But their hopes rest on the dubious hope that China will meet the steep emissions cuts that the agreement requires. The presidents of the world`s two most polluting nations agree that action must be taken to combat climate change. And they are only the leaders who do, in the terms of what President Barack Obama called a “historic agreement” signed into law on November 12 between the United States and China. Although neither country intends to stop burning coal or oil in the near future, both countries have pledged to reduce the resulting greenhouse gases.

“As the world`s two largest economies, energy consumers and greenhouse gas emitters, we have a special responsibility to lead global efforts against climate change,” Obama said at a joint press conference with President Xi Jinping, closing a visit to Beijing that included joint efforts on climate change. The United States will double the speed of its current pollution reduction, resulting in a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions of about 10% from 2005 levels. The country now wants to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% from 2005 levels by 2025. This is in addition to the 17% below 2005 level reduction, which expires by 2020, and shows the type of five-year plan that the United States would like to adopt in international climate change plans. In other words, the ever-increasing ambitions for reduction targets that are met every five years. “It`s an ambitious goal, but it`s an achievable goal,” Obama said. “We are thus on the road to deep reduction of emissions from industrialized countries, which the scientific community believes is necessary to avoid the most catastrophic effects of climate change.” Although Chinese leaders are very keen on the quinquennal plans, their new climate version would not begin until “around 2030,” according to the new agreement. The country`s co2 pollution will then reach its peak and bring China`s war on pollution to the invisible front. The nation will also strive to reach this summit even earlier. Just as Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli pledged in September to the United Nations to “reach the peak of total CO2 exposure as quickly as possible,” Xi followed the first agreed-upon date in November to limit its pollution from global warming by 2030.

The problem is coal, which currently supplies more than 70% of the energy that the fast-developing country uses.

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